The world we are living in today has evolved to become a conglomerate of nations: a global village so to speak. Businesses have gone international: we now talk about the world economy. These changes have necessitated the study of law systems in different countries, and that is where the Comparative law comes in. Comparative law involves lawyers studying legal frameworks of various nations and analyzing their differences and similarities. Comparative law lawyers exist in all jurisprudences, including Jewish law, Chinese law, Hindu law, and common law.
Comparative law seeks to have a deeper understanding of all legal systems in different countries with the goal of improving the law practice in future. It is studied in several different branches, including comparative administrative law, comparative commercial law, and comparative constitutional law.
Comparative administrative law analyzes how regulatory agencies operate in the various countries. It looks at how power is shared between these organizations and how the law is enforced on subjects. It delves deeper into understanding how decision-making process is undertaken in different countries, and the administrative roles played by the judiciary in these countries.
Comparative commercial law analyzes how businesses are conducted in different countries. It seeks to understand the rights enjoyed by entrepreneurs in these countries and the obligations given to them. It looks at how various legal systems regulate importation, exportation, manufacturing, and sales within their individual countries.
The comparative constitutional law seeks to understand the basic principles under which different countries are founded. It studies how different arms of government are related to the constitution and the separation of power between the executive, the judiciary, and the legislature. Constitutional comparative law studies how different constitutions stipulate regarding human rights, legislation processes, and the rule of law. Related Articles here.
About Sujit Choudhry
Prof. Sujit Choudhry is a highly qualified law practitioner based in Berkeley, California. He is recognized globally for his contribution to the research of comparative law and his participation in constitution building in many Asian and African countries.More read on constitutionaltransitions.org
A Master’s of law degree holder, Choudhry focuses his research on how the constitution can offer long-term solutions to conflicting societies. He is a firm believer that with strong constitutions, the world could rid itself of violence. Choudhry gives lectures on the same in different institutions across the world, Check this on blogs.law.nyu.edu.